Great role of seas and islands to Vietnam’s national security and economic development

25/9/2022| 17:30

With a special geographical location, maritime security is extremely important to Vietnam, greatly affecting its economic development and ensuring national defense and security.

Great role of seas and islands to Vietnam’s national security and economic developmentProtecting Vietnam's sea and island sovereignty and ensuring national defense and security at sea are strategic, urgent, and key contents of the Party. (Photo: TGVN)

Seas and Islands to Ensure National Security

Vietnam has large seas, long coastlines, winding and meandering coastal terrain with many mountain ranges spreading to the sea, the smallest land width is only about 50km (in Quang Binh province). Therefore, the defense from the sea direction is always strategic to Vietnam.

The interlaced network of rivers flows through all regions of the country, dividing the mainland into sections, and crossing strategic North-South transport routes. In many places, mountains spread out to the sea, forming craggy terrains, enclosed bays, interspersed with flat coasts, convenient for ships to park and move troops by sea.

The system of archipelagos and islands in Vietnam’s waters along with the coastal strip of land is ideal for the construction of military bases, fortresses, and guard posts, forming a multi-layered defense system. The strategic combination of onshore and underwater deployment creates favorable conditions for protecting, controlling, and mastering the country's seas.

At the same time, there are also advantages to arranging forces, weapons, and technical equipment of forces operating on the sea and coast in close coordination with other forces on the shore, forming a continuous position of sea-island-coast in the regional defense strategy.

Vietnam’s waters are located on a sea route connecting the Pacific - Indian Ocean. The sea has many advantages in moving troops and logistics, using high-tech weapons from a distance, and taking advantage of unexpected elements.

Sea is a large battlefield to deploy the all-people maritime defense and security strategy to defend and protect the Fatherland, and maintain order and security from far to near, including in the important seas such as the Gulf of Tonkin; Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagoes; the technical and economic service zone – platform DK1, DK2; southwest coast…

With the unique features of its geographical location, as well as the important roles of Vietnam's sea, this is not only the meeting place and interference of many great players in the world but also plays an important position in national defense and security, where many development opportunities converge.

Great role of seas and islands to Vietnam’s national security and economic developmentVietnam's DK1 Platform in Truong Sa. (Photo: VNA)

Seas and Islands to Support Economic Development

Besides its importance in national defense, Vietnam’s sea is containing rich and diverse natural resources. The continental shelf of Vietnam has many sedimentary basins containing oil and gas, with a very large potential of exploitation.

Although newly born, Vietnam's oil and gas industry has become one of the spearheading economic sectors with the largest and most modern technical and material potentials in the marine exploitation industries. At the same time, this is also one of the most exported industries and earns the most foreign currency for the country.

The development of oil and gas extraction industry leads to the development of a number of other industries such as the petrochemical industry, transportation, and domestic and regional trade.

Vietnam's sea also has many placer deposits and glass sand with significant reserves for uses in industry and construction. The potential for gas - electricity - nitrogen and marine energy is as great as the potential of wind power, solar energy, or power from tides, waves.

Besides, Vietnam's sea has favorable natural conditions and natural resources for the development of many types of tourism.

Vietnam runs over 15 geographical latitudes but is narrow in width, which has created the differentiated climate and many unique ethnic customs.

The long coastline with many wide sandy beaches, bays, beautiful natural caves, limestone mountains reaching out to the coast, creates a very diverse natural landscape across the country.

Large and small peninsulas and islands link together into a rare tourist complex in the world. One worth mentioning is Ha Long Bay, which has been recognized by UNESCO as a world natural heritage.

Vietnam has nearly 82 coastal islands with an area of ​​over 1 km2, of which 24 islands have an area of ​​over 10 km2. The unique and attractive ecosystems and surrounding areas were formed and developed over hundreds of years.

Those are places with fresh air, clear and clean seawater, and fine white sand, ideal for tourism development. Islands such as Cu Lao Cham, Ly Son, Con Dao, Phu Quoc... are already very famous domestically and abroad.

In addition, many popular natural landscapes on the mainland such as Phong Nha, Ke Bang, Thien Duong, Son Doong, Bich Dong, Non Nuoc... and many historical-cultural relics are located by the sea.

Economic and commercial centers, tourist cities such as Ha Long, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Quy Nhon, Nha Trang, Vung Tau... located on international tourist routes have all the conditions and capabilities to become an island tourist destination.

Vietnam's sea is also an important area for economic development.

Currently, over 31% of the country's population lives in 28 coastal provinces and cities. Most cities and towns are located along rivers, not far from the sea, especially cities and towns in the Central region.

The coastal area is also home to large industrial parks, with many important airports, seaports, naval bases, warehouses, logistic centers and other economic-defense projects.

Coastal provinces and cities have ports, facilities for repair, shipbuilding, fishing or seafood processing, salt making... attracting more than 13 million employees, contributing to stabilizing the economic, political, social, and security-defence situation of the country.

Tracy Dao translated